IPv6 Course: Fundamentals to Deployment

Detailed IPv6 Course Outline

1. The New IP

A. IPv6 development rationale

B. Advantages over IPv4

C. IPv4 feature comparison

D. World address authorities

E. Regional Internet registries

2. IPv6 Header Structure

A. Header overview

B. Header fields layout

C. Compared to IPv4 header

D. Extension headers

1. Header extension order

2. Next header values

E. Quality of service capabilities

1. IP header field use

2. Header extension use

F. Security support

3. IPv6 Address Field

A. Address syntax

1. Hex representation

2. Short form notation

B. General assignment

1. Network/Prefix notation

2. Prefix types

3. Interface ID format

4. Alternative interface identifier

C. Assigned global routing prefixes

4. Address Types

A. Multiple addresses required per interface/machine

B. Unicast addresses

1. Global unicast

2. Unique local unicast

3. Link local unicast

C. Special addresses

1. Unspecified

2. Loop back

3. Transitional

4. Reserved

D. Anycast address

E. Multicast

5. Multicast Protocols and Usage

A. IPv6 multicast overview

1. Host support

2. Router support

3. New usage - network operations and broadcast applications

B. Address format and fields

1. Prefix

2. Flags

3. The new scope concept

4. Multicast scope example

5. Group identifier

C. Permanent 'well known' addresses

D. Solicited node multicast addresses

E. Extended multicast address

F. Multicast protocols:

1. Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) and MLDv2

2. MLD message layout

3. Listener query messages

4. Listener report messages

G. Creating routes and trees

1. Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)

2. Sparse Mode and Dense Mode PIM

3. Source Specific Multicast - SSM

4. Embedded rendezvous point address

5. Multicast payload forwarding

6. Multicast Router Discovery (MRD)

H. Host and router requirements

1. Addresses to be supported

2. Protocols to be supported

I. Multicast security ramifications

6. IPv6 Mobility

A. Goals of protocol - improvements over IPv4

B. Definitions and components

C. Structure and flow

D. Home agent and correspondent nodes

E. Locating the home address

F. Bidirectional tunneling method

G. Route optimization method

H. Binding relationships

1. Mobile device registration and security

I. Mobile IPv6 extension header

J. IP mobility protocol extensions

K. Network mobility - moving among networks

1. Hierarchical mobility management

2. Fast handover for mobile IP

7. IPv6 Services

A. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6)

B. Neighbor discovery protocol

C. Path Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) discovery

D. Autoconfiguration - automatic address assignment

E. DHCPv6

F. DHCPv6 message exchange

G. DNS extensions

H. Name resolution

1. Source and destination address selection

I. IPv6 routing process overview

8. Business Applications and Implementations

A. Supporting IPv6 in MPLS networks

B. IPv6 in access technologies

1. xDSL network access components

2. PPP Over Ethernet (PPPoE)

3. Delivering multimedia services (IPoE)

C. IPTV implications

1. IPv6 advantages

2. Supporting multicast IPTV

3. IPTV over MPLS/VPLS

D. IPv6 VPNs Vs BGP-MPLS IP VPNs

9. Migration Planning

A. Transition criteria

B. IPv6 application client development

1. IPv4/IPv6 interoperability options

2. Dual protocol stack application support

3. IPv4-mapped-IPv6 address usage

4. Proxy and translation methods

5. Windows support for IPv6 literal addresses

6. Socket interface extensions for IPv6

C. Tunneling methods

1. Manual Vs automatic tunnels

2. Encapsulation

3. Tunnel brokers

4. Configured tunneling

5. Automated tunneling and ISATAP usage

6. 6to4 method and addresses

7. Teredo method and addresses

8. Large scale carrier grade NAT solution

D. IPv6 impact on networking

1. Routing protocol changes

2. RIPng, OSPFv3, BGP-4

3. Hierarchical aggregation model

4. Modification to data link protocols - PPP, Ethernet

5. Multi-homing considerations and issues

E. Implementation challenges - tackling the unknowns

1. Operating system support

2. Need for good IPv6 network management tools

3. Structuring policies

4. Other systems affected

F. IPv6 migration planning - 13 step checklist

G. Deploying IPv6 - 8 step checklist

H. Security recommendations - 25 point checklist

I. Management and troubleshooting tools

10. Appendix

A. Important RFCs

B. Network management tools and products

C. Windows OS IPv6 support summary

 

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